Mount Makalu 8,485 fifth highest peak of the world
Mt. Makalu is located about 14 miles east of Mount Everest. This is the fifth highest mountain in the world and has an altitude of 8,485 m. This mountain range situated in the edge of Nepal and China and it is an isolated peak. April and May (spring) are the ideal months for climbing.
It has the structure of a perfect pyramid with four sharp ridges. Mount Makalu is known for its spectacular beauty. Climbing is a highly challenging task and for many years it was not attempted. In the north of the Makalu summit there is a subsidiary peaks known as Chomo Lonzo.
A narrow saddle separates Makalu and Chomo Lonzo, situated is in the Makalu Barun National Park Nepal. Peak is identified as one among the most difficult mountains of the world to climb. The pitches are very steep and ridges are as sharp as knife thereby making it a very dangerous mountain to climb. In the final stage of the climbing technical rocking is required.
Mount Makalu exploration trips
First climbed of this peak was made in May 15, 1955 by Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy of a French expedition led by Jean Franco. Makalu trekking is formerly a restricted trekking area of eastern Nepal, it extent five major ecological zones where can be found the lush, tropical Arun Valley, dense forests or rhododendron, fir and alpine meadows that lead to the mighty Barun glacier.
Those who take up the base camp trek get the opportunity to view the highly amazing scenery in Nepal which is the most unseen. This trek leads to the base camp of the world’s fifth highest mountain. In this region one can view the most awe-inspiring scenery of the Himalayas apart from the Barun National Park. The natural beauties as well as cultural heritage of this region are incredible.
The Makalu base camp attracts comparatively less number of trekkers because of its isolated location and also lack of tea houses and other facilities. This area is one among the unfrequented trekking in Nepal. The unfavorable climate and highly remote location make trekkers in this region more prone to severe mountain sickness. The Barun valley is situated at the base of this mountain and is inside the National Park.
Arun River is in the east of the park and Sagarmatha National Park is in the west. It is a famous wildlife sanctuary, plants of all major ecological zones: tropical, sub-tropical, temperate, alpine and sub-alpine are found here. Rare species of animals and plants flourish in diverse climates. Over 3000 species of flowering plants, 440 species of birds, and 75 species of mammals, including endangered snow leopard, red panda and musk deer, have been recorded.
Having a wide range of altitudinal and climatic variations, This area is a remarkable habitat for a variety of flora and fauna a pristine mountain ecosystem on earth. Makalu region’s remarkable biodiversity is considered one of the global significance, and provides a living laboratory for international scientific research.
Makalu trek starts with a flight to Tumlinngtar then trekkers ascend following Arun valley, Sherpa villages and cultivated fields with mountain views of the Makalu, Chamlang, Baruntse range in the distance. If you need more information about Mountain Nepal fell free to contact us.